India’s Position in the World
1. 1st to introduce government supported family planning in the world.
2. Largest postal network in the world.
3. Largest livestock population.
4. Largest producer of milk.
5. Largest producer of millets in the world
6. Largest consumer of gold jewellery.
7. Largest producer of jute.
8. Largest producer of ginger.
9. Largest producer of bananas.
10. Largest producer of castor oil seeds.
11. Largest producer of mangoes.
12. Largest producer of safflower oil seeds.
13. Largest producer of papayas.
14. Second largest producer of tea, the first position being held by China.
15. Second largest producer of sugarcane, the first position being held by Brazil.
16. Second largest producer of wheat, the first position being held by China.
17. Second largest producer of onions, the first position being held by China.
18. Second largest producer of potatoes, the first position being held by China.
19. Second largest producer of garlic, the first position being held by China.
20. Second largest producer of rice, the first position being held by China.
21. Second largest producer of cotton seed, the first position being held by China.
22. Second largest producer of cement., next to China.
23. India has the second largest arable land in the world. The USA has the largest arable land in the world.
24. India is the third largest producer and second largest consumer of fertiliser in the world.
25. India has the largest deposits of Thorium in the world most of which is found in Kerala.
NOTE: The agricultural information is as per latest data available on the website of Food and Agricultural SSC SPECIAL SERIES — PART 2
1. The National Emblem is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.
2. The four smaller animals at the bottom of national emblem are horse and bull (visible) and lion and elephant (not visible).
3. The National Emblem was adopted by the Government of India on 26 January 1950.
4. ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed below has been taken from the Mundaka Upanishad.
1. The national anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was first sung at Calcutta session of Indian National Congress in 1911, 27 Dec.
2. It was adopted by the Indian constitution on 24 Jan 1950.
3. Its English rendering has been given by Tagore himself.
4. The song was composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, the National Anthem is its Hindi version.
5. The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem.
6. The playing time for full version of the song is 52 seconds.
1. The national song Vande Mataram has been taken from Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s Anand Math.
2. It was first sung at 1896 session of INC.
3. Its English rendering has been given by Shri Aurobindo.
1. The national calendar based on the Saka Era was adopted on 22 Mar 1957.
2. Chaitra is the first month of the year whose 1st day falls on 22 March normally and on 21 March in a leap year.
3. The national calendar also has 365/366 days
4. Chaitra has 30 days normally and 31 days in a leap year.
1. The design of the national flag was adopted on 22 July 1947.
2. The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three.
3. The design of the wheel at the centre is taken from the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.
4. The ‘Dharmachakra’ (wheel) at the centre has 24 spokes.
5. The display of the National Flag is governed by Flag Code of India, 2002, which took effect on 26 Jan 2002.
6. As per the provisions of the Flag Code of India, 2002, there shall be no restriction on the display of the National Flag by members of general public, private organisations, educational institutions, etc.,except to the extent provided in the Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 and any other law enacted on the subject.
●●●●Other National Symbols●●●●
1. The national bird is Peacock (Pavo cristatus)
2. The national fruit is Mango (Manigifera indica)
3. The national flower is Lotus (Nelumbo Nucipera Gaertn)
4. The national tree is Banyan (Ficus benghalensis)
5. The national animal is Tiger (Panthera tigris)
6. The national aquatic animal is River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)
7. The national river is the GangesOrganisation. SSC SPECIAL SERIES — PART 3
Facts to remember – Constituent Assembly
1. The constituent assembly was formed on the recommendation of the Cabinet Mission which visited India in 1946.
2. The Constituent Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi on 9 December, 1946 in the Constitution Hall which is now known as the Central Hall of Parliament House.
3. Mr. Sachchidanand Sinha was elected provisional chairman of the assembly.
4. Dr Rajendra Prasad later became the permanent chairman of the constituent assembly.
5. On 13 December, 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru moved the Objectives Resolution which resolved to proclaim India as an Independent Sovereign Republic and to draw up for her future governance a Constitution.
6. The Constituent Assembly took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days to be precise) to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India.
7. The Constituent Assembly held eleven sessions covering a total of 165 days.
8. India is governed in terms of the Constitution, which was adopted on 26 November, 1949, which was the last day of the Eleventh session of the Constituent Assembly. # This date finds mention in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution thus IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
9. The honourable members appended their signatures to the constitution on 24 January, 1950.
10. The Constitution of India came into force on 26 January, 1950. On that day, the Constituent Assembly ceased to exist, transforming itself into the Provisional Parliament of India until a new Parliament was constituted in 1952
●●●Chairmen of various committees in the Constituent Assembly
1. Committee on the Rules of Procedure–Rajendra Prasad
2. Steering Committee–Rajendra Prasad
3. Finance and Staff Committee–Rajendra Prasad
4. Credential Committee–Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar
5. House Committee–B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya
6. Order of Business Committee–K.M. Munsi
7. Ad hoc Committee on the National Flag–Rajendra Prasad
8. Committee on the Functions of the Constituent Assembly–G.V. Mavalankar
9. States Committee–Jawaharlal Nehru
10. Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas–Vallabhbhai Patel
11. Minorities Sub-Committee–H.C. Mookherjee
12. Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee–J.B. Kripalani
13. North-East Frontier Tribal Areas and Assam Exluded & Partially Excluded Areas Sub-Committee–Gopinath Bardoloi
14. Excluded and Partially Excluded Areas (Other than those in Assam) Sub-Committee–A.V. Thakkar
15. Union Powers Committee—Jawaharlal Nehru
16. Union Constitution Committee—Jawaharlal Nehru
17. Drafting Committee—B.R. AmbedkarSSC SPECIAL SERIES — PART 4
Indian constitution contains 395 articles in Parts I to XXII and 12 schedules.
●Parts of Indian Constitution
Part ==Subject=== Articles
Part I The Union and its territory Art. 1 to 4
Part II Citizenship Art. 5 to 11
Part III Fundamental Rights Art. 12 to 35
Part IV Directive Principles Art. 36 to 51
Part IVA Fundamental Duties Art. 51A
Part V The Union Art. 52 to 151
Part VI The States Art. 152 to 237
Part VII Repealed by Const. (7th Amendment) Act, 1956
Part VIII The Union Territories Art. 239 to 242
Part IX The Panchayats Art. 243 to 243O
Part IXA The Muncipalities Art. 243P to 243ZG
Part IXB The Co-operative Societies Art. 243ZH to 243ZT
Part X The Scheduled and Tribal Areas Art. 244 to 244A
Part XI Relations between the Union and the States Art. 245 to 263
Part XII Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits Art. 264 to 300A
Part XIII Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India Art. 301 to 307
Part XIV Services under the Union and the States Art. 308 to 323
Part XIVA Tribunals Art. 323A to 323B
Part XV Elections Art. 324 to 329A
Part XVI Special provisions relating to certain classes Art. 330 to 342
Part XVII Official Language Art. 343 to 351
Part XVIII Emergency Provisions Art. 352 to 360
Part XIX Miscellaneous Art. 361 to 367
Part XX Amendment of the Constitution Art. 368
Part XXI Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions Art. 369 to 392
Part XXII Short title, commencement, authoritative text in Hindi and repeals Art. 393 to 395
● Important Articles of Indian Constitution
Article 12 –35 Specify the Fundamental Rights available
Article 36-50 Specify the Directive Principles of state policy
Article 51A Specifies the Fundamental Duties of every citizen
Article 80 Specifies the number of seats for the Rajya Sabha
Article 81 Specifies the number of seats for the Lok Sabha
Article 343 Hindi as official language
Article 356 Imposition of President’s Rule in states
Article 370 Special status to Kashmir
Article 395 Repeals India Independence Act and Government of India Act, 1935
● Schedules to Indian Constitution
◇◇Schedules 1 to 12◇◇
》First schedule contains the list of states and union territories and their territories
》Second schedule contains provisions as to the President, Governors of States, Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the House of the People and the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Council of States and the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly and the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council of a State, the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts and the Comptroller and Auditor-General of Indiathe list of states and union territories and their territories
》Third Schedule contains the Forms of Oaths or Affirmations.
》Fourth Schedule contains provisions as to the allocation of seats in the Council of States.
》Fifth Schedule contains provisions as to the Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes.
》Sixth Schedule contains provisions as to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
》Seventh Schedule contains the Union list, State list and the concurrent list.
》Eighth Schedule contains the list of recognised languages.
》Ninth Schedule contains provisions as to validation of certain Acts and Regulations.
》Tenth Schedule contains provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection.
》Eleventh Schedule contains the powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats.
》Twelfth Schedule contains the powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities.SSC SPECIAL SERIES — PART 5
Important River Valley Projects In India
1. Bhakra Nangal Project —
On Sutlej in Punjab. Highest in India.Ht. 226m. Reservoir is called Gobind Sagar Lake.
2. Mandi Project—
On Beas in HP.
3. Chambal Valley Project—-
On Chambal in MP & Rajasthan, 3 damsare there:-
Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and
Jawahar Sagar Dam.
4. Damodar Valley Project—
On Damodar in Bihar(Now Jharkhand) & West Bengal,
Based on Tennessee Valley Project USA.
5. Hirakud Project—
On Mahanadi in Orrisa, World’s Longest Dam: 4801m.
6. Rihand Project—
On Son in Mirzapur, Reservoir is called Gobind Vallabh Pant reservoir.
7. Kosi Project—
On Kosi in N.Bihar.
8. Mayurkashi Project—
On Mayurkashi in West Bengal.
9. Kakrapara Project—
On Tapi in Gujrat.
10. Nizamsagar Project—
On Manjra in Andhra Pradesh.
11. Nagarjuna Sagar Project—
On Krishna in Andhra Pradesh.
12. Tugabhadra Project—
On Tugabhadra in Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka.
13. Shivasamudram Project—
On Cauvery in Karnataka. It is the older river valley project in India.
14. Tata Hydel Scheme—-
On Bhima in Maharashtra.
15. Sharavathi Hydel Project—
On Jog Falls in Karnataka.
16. Kundah & Periyar Project—-
In Tamil Nadu.
17. Farakka Project —
On Ganga in WB. Apart from power and irrigation it helps to remove silt for easy navigation.
18. Ukai Project—-
On Tapti in Gujarat.
19. Mahi Project—-
mahi project is in mp 325km from bhopal.
20. Salal Project—–
On Chenab in J&K. SSC SPECIAL SERIES — PART 6
Indian Constitution – Age Limits, Durations
●●Important Age Limits in Indian Constitution●●
1. Minimum age for election to the post of President/Vice-President/Governor 35 years
2. Minimum age for election as MP (Lok Sabha)/MLA 25 years
3. Minimum age for election as MP (Rajya Sabha)/MLC 30 years
4. Upper age limit for appointment as a judge of Supreme Court, Attorney General, Comptroller General, member of Public Service Commission 65 years
5. Upper age limit for appointment as a judge of High court/ Advocate General/member of State Commission 62 years
6. Minimum age limit for employment in a factory 14 years
7. Age between which education has been made a fundamental right 6 to 14 years
8. Minimum marriageable age for a male 21 years
9. Minimum marriageable age for a female 18 years.
●●Important Time Limits in Indian Constitution●●
1. Maximum interval between two sessions of Parliament/State Assembly Six months
2. Maximum life of Presidential Ordinance Six months + Six weeks*
3. Maximum period within which an election is to be held to fill a vacancy created by the death, resignation or removal, or otherwise of a President Six months
4. Maximum duration for which President’s rule can be imposed in a state Six months extendable upto a maximum of three years
5. Time after which money bill passed by Lok Sabha is deemed to have been passed by Rajya Sabha when no action is taken by it 14 days
6. Maximum duration for which a President/Vice-President/Governor may hold his office from the date on which he enters his office 5 years
7. Maximum duration for which a Lok Sabha/State Legislature may function from the date appointed for its first meeting 5 years
8. Maximum period for which the term of a Lok Sabha/State Legislature may be extended while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation 1 year at a time
9. Where the term of a Lok Sabha/State Legislature has been extended while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the maximum period for which he Lok Sabha/State Legislature may continue to function after the Proclamation of Emergency has ceased to operate Six months
10. Maximum duration for which a Union Minister/State Minister may hold his office without being a member of either of the houses of the Parliament/State Legislature Six months
11. Maximum duration for which a member of either House of Parliament may be absent without permission, before his seat is declared is vacant 60 days
12. Maximum period within which a person who is arrested and detained in custody shall be produced before the nearest magistrate 24 hours
13. Maximum duration for which a Panchayat/Municipality shall function from the date appointed for its first meeting 5 years
14. Maximum duration for which a member of a Public Service Commission may hold his office subject to his not attaining the age of sixty-five years 6 years
15. Maximum duration for which a member of a State Commission may hold his office subject to his not attaining the age of sixty-two years 6 years SSC SPECIAL SERIES — PART 7
Chemicals & Their Common Chemical Names
Acid Of Sugar —Oxalic Acid
Ackey —Nitric Acid
Alum —Aluminum Potassium Sulfate
Alumina —Aluminum Oxide
Antichlor —Sodium Thiosulfate
Antifreeze —Ethylene Glycol
Aqua Fortis —Nitric Acid
Aqua Regia —Nitrohydrochloric Acid
Arsenic Glass —Arsenic Trioxide
Azurite —Mineral Form Of Basic Copper Carbonate
Asbestos —Magnesium Silicate
Aspirin —Acetylsalicylic Acid
Baking Soda —Sodium Bicarbonate
Bitter Salt —Magnesium Sulfate
Black Ash —Crude Form Of Sodium Carbonate
Black Lead —Graphite (Carbon)
Bleaching Powder —Chlorinated Lime; Calcium Hypochlorite
Blue Vitriol —Copper Sulfate
Bone Ash —Crude Calcium Phosphate
Brine —Aqueous Sodium Chloride Solution
Calomel —Mercury Chloride; Mercurous Chloride
Caustic Lime —Calcium Hydroxide
Caustic Soda —Sodium Hydroxide
Chalk —Calcium Carbonate
Diamond —Carbon Crystal
Epsom Salt —Magnesium Sulfate
Ethanol —Ethyl Alcohol
Fluorspar —Natural Calcium Fluoride
Glauber’s Salt —Sodium Sulfate
Green Vitriol —Ferrous Sulfate Crystals
Gypsum —Natural Calcium Sulfate
Heavy Spar —Barium Sulfate
Indian Red —Ferric Oxide
Laughing Gas —Nitrous Oxide
Lime —Calcium Oxide
Lime (Unslaked/Quick/Burnt) —Calcium Oxide
Lime (Slaked) —Calcium Hydroxide
Limewater —Aqueous Solution Of Calcium Hydroxide
Litharge —Lead Monoxide
Magnesia —Magnesium Oxide
Marble —Mainly Calcium Carbonate
Methanol —Methyl Alcohol
Oil Of Vitriol —Sulfuric Acid
Orthophosphoric Acid— Phosphoric Acid
Pearl Ash —Potassium Carbonate
Plaster Of Paris —Calcium Sulfate
Potash —Potassium Carbonate
Pyro —Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate
Red Liquor —Aluminum Acetate Solution
Rochelle Salt —Potassium Sodium Tartrate
Rock Salt —Sodium Chloride
Silica —Silicon Dioxide
Slaked Lime —Calcium Hydroxide
Soda Ash —Sodium Carbonate
Soluble Glass —Sodium Silicate
Sour Water —Dilute Sulfuric Acid
Spirit Of Salt —Hydrochloric Acid
Spirit Of Wine —Ethyl Alcohol
Table Salt —Sodium Chloride
Table Sugar —Sucrose
Talc Or Talcum —Magnesium Silicate
Vinegar —Impure Dilute Acetic Acid
Vitriol —Sulfuric Acid
Washing Soda —Sodium Carbonate
Water Glass —Sodium Silicate
White Caustic —Sodium Hydroxide
White Vitriol —Zinc Sulfate CrystalsSSC SPECIAL SERIES — PART 8
Oaths and Resignations
●●Oath of Office ●●
1. President– Chief Justice of India or in his absence the seniormost Judge of Supreme Court.
2. Vice President– President or some person appointed in that behalf by the President.
3. Judge of Supreme Court –President or some person appointed in that behalf by the President.
4. Governor– Chief Justice of High Court or in his absence senior most Judge of that court.
5. Minister in Union Council of Ministers –President
6. Comptroller & Auditor General –President or some person appointed in that behalf by the President.
7. Member of Parliament –President or some person appointed in that behalf by the President.
8. Member of Legislature of State –Governor or some person appointed in that behalf by the Governor.
9. Minister in State Council of Ministers –Governor
10. Judge of High Court– Governor or some person appointed by in that behalf by him.
●●Submission of Resignations●●
1. President to Vice President
2. Vice President to President
3. Judge of Supreme Court to President
4. Governor to President
5. Judge of High Court to President
6. Speaker of Lok Sabha to Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
7. Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha to Speaker of Lok Sabha
8. Deputy Chairman of Council of States to Chairman
9. Member of house of Parliament to Chairman of upper house or the Speaker of Lower House.
10. Speaker of Assembly to Deputy Speaker of Assembly
11. Deputy Speaker of Assembly to Speaker of Assembly
10. Chairman of Legislative Council of States to Deputy Chairman
11. Deputy Chairman of Legislative Council of States to Chairman
12. A member of Public Service Commission (Union Commission or Joint Commission) to President
13. A member of Public Service Commission (State Commission) to GovernorSSC SPECIAL SERIES — PART 9
Important Amendments to Indian Constitution
• 7—1956 Reorganisation of states on linguistic basis and abolition of Class A, B, C and D states and introduction of Union Territories.
• 9–1960 Adjustments to Indian territory as a result of agreement with Paksitan.
• 10—1961 Dadra, Nagar and Haveli included in Indian Union as a Union Territory on acquisition from Portugal.
• 12–1961 Goa, Daman and Diu included in Indian Union as a Union Territory on acquisition from Portugal.
• 13—1963 The state of Nagaland formed with special protection under Article 371A.
• 14—1962 Pondicherry incorporated into Indian Union after transfer by France.
• 21—1967 Sindhi added as language in the 8th schedule.
• 26—1971 Privy purse paid to former rulers of princely states abolished.
• 36—1975 Sikim included as an Indian state.
• 42—1976 Fundamental Duties prescribed, India became Socialist Secular Republic.
• 44—1978 Right to Property deleted from the list of fundamental rights.
• 52—1985 Defection to another party after election made illegal.
• 61—1989 Voting age reduced from 21 to 18.
• 71—1992 Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali added as languages in the Eighth Schedule.
• 73—1993 Introduction of Panchayati Raj, addition of Part IX to the Constitution.
• 74—1993 Introduction of Nagarpalikas and Municipalities.
• 86—2002 Free and compulsory education to children between 6 and 14 years.
• 92—2003 Bodo, Dogri, Santhali and Maithli added to the list of recognised languages. Service Tax introduced.
• 8,23,45,62, 79 and 95 —1960, 1970, 1980, 1989, 2000 and 2010 Extension of reservation of seats for SC/ST and nomination of Anglo-Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies.
• 96—2011 Substituted Odia for Oriya in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution
****The 42nd amendment was the most comprehensive amendment which had 59 clauses and carried out so many changes that it has been described as a “Mini Constitution”.
****The 52nd amendment was the only amendment to be unanimously adopted by the Parliament. SSC SPECIAL SERIES PART-10
I. The draft of a legislative proposal—Bill
II. Bill passed by both the Houses of Parliament and assented to by the President—-Act
III. A member of the House of the People (Lok Sabha)—-Member
IV. A member other than a Minister—Private Member
1. Annual Financial statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India for a financial year—-Budget
2. The estimate of expenditure in respect of a Ministry/Department not charged upon the Consolidated Fund of India, placed for approval before the House on the recommendations of the President —-Demand for Grant
3. A Bill ordinarily introduced each year to give effect to the financial proposals of the Government for the following financial year—- Finance Bill
4. A bill containing only provisions dealing with all or any of the matters specified in sub-clauses (a) to (g) of Clause (1) of Articel 110 of the Constitution. (Such a bill cannot be introduced without the recommendation of the President and it also cannot be introduced in the Rajya Sabha —-Money Bill
5. A Bill passed annually (or at various times of the year) providing for the withdrawal or appropriation from and out of the Consolidated Fund of India of moneys by Lok Sabha and moneys charged on the Consolidated Fund for the services of a financial year or a part thereof. —-Appropriation Bill
6. A motion for reduction of a demand for grant by or to a specified amount —-Cut motion
(Cut motion can be of three types – Disapproval of policy cut, Economy cut and Token cut)
7. A grant made by Lok Sabha in advance in respect of the estimated expenditure of the Government of India for a part of a financial year pending the voting of Demands for Grants for the financial year. A Motion for Vote on Account is dealt with in the same way as if it were a demand for grant.—-Vote on Account
●●Some more Definitions●●
1) Termination of a sitting of a House without any definite date being fixed for the next sitting—-Adjournment sine die
2) The termination of a session of the House by an order made by the President under article 85(2) (a) of the Constitution. —- Prorogation
3) The first hour of a sitting of the House normally allotted for asking and answering of questions—- Question Hour
4) The minimum number of members required to be present at a sitting of the House or the Committee for valid transaction of its business. The quorum to constitute a sitting of the House is one-tenth of the total number of members of the House and in respect of a Committee it is one-third of the total number of members of the Committee—-Quorum
5) A self-contained independent proposal submitted for the approval of the House and drafted in such a way as to be capable of expressing a decision of the House. —-Resolution
6) The vote cast by the Speaker or the Chairman in the case of an equality of votes on a matter—-Casting vote
7) Deletion of words, phrases of expression for the proceedings or records of the House (for being defamatory or indecent or unparliamentary or undignified) —-Expunction
●●Question Related Terms●●
a) A question relating to a matter of public importance of an urgent character asked with notice shorter than ten clear days—Short Notice Question
b) A question to which a member wishes to have an oral answer on the floor of the House and which is distinguished by an asterisk.—Starred Question
c) A question placed on the List of Questions for written answer. The written answer to such a question is deemed to have been laid on the Table at the end of the Question Hour.—Unstarred Question
●●Motion Related Terms●●
1) A formal proposal by a member that the House do something, order something to be done or express an opinion with regard to some matter. When adopted it expresses the judgement or will of the House.—-Motion
(Motions are of three types – Substantive MotioSSC SPECIAL SERIES PART-11
Books and Authors for SSC ####################
Books and Authors is a standard GK Question that is asked very often in SSC Exams.
01. My experiments with Truth: Mahatma M.K.Gandhi
02. Far from the Madding Crowd: Thomas Hardy
03. Geetanjali: Rabindra Nath Tagore
04. One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovitch: Alexander Solzhenitsyn
05. The Merchant of venice: William shakespeare
06. The Moon and Six pense : Somerset Maughan
07. Pilgrim’s Progress from this world to that which is to come: John Bunyan
08. A Tale of Two Cities: Charles Dickens
09. Utopia: Sir Thomas Moor
10. Origin of species: Charles Darwin
11. David Copperfield: Charles Dickens
12. A passage to India: E.M.Forster
13. Gulliver’s Travels: Jonathan Swift
14. Discovery of India: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
15. The Vicar of Wakefield: Oliver Goldsmith
16. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire: Edward Gibbon
17. The Lady of the Last Minstrel: Sir Walter Scott
18. Pride and Prejudice: Jane Austen
19. Time Machine: H.G. Wells
20. Arthashastra: Kautilya
21. Le Contract Social: Jean Jacques Rousseau
22. Avigyan Sakuntalam: Kalidas
23. Anand Math: Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay
24. Mein Kampf: Adolf Hitler
25. Ain-i-Akbari: Abul Fazal
26. Akbar-Nama: Abul Fazal
27. Shakuntala: Kalidas
28. War and peace: Leo Tolstoy
29. A Dangerous place: D.P. Moynihan
30. Raghuvamsa: Kalidas
31. Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: Arthur Conan Doyle
32. Adventures of Tom Saweyer: Mark Twain
33. Agni Veena: Kazi Nasrul Islam
34. Alice in Wonderland: Lewis Carrol
35. Ancient Mariner: Coleridge
36. Animal Farm: George Orwell
37. Anna Karenina: Leo Tolstoy
38. Antony and Cleopatra: Shakespeare
39. Arms and the Man: G.B.Shaw
40. Around the World in eighty days: Jules Verne
41. Baburnama: Babur
42. Ben Hur: Lewis Wallace
43. Bhagwat Gita: Ved Vyas
44. Bisarjan: R.N.Tagore
45. Canterbury Tales: Chaucer
46. Chitra: R.N.Tagore
47. Count of Monte Cristo: Alexander Dumas
48. Crime and Punishment: Dostoevsky
49. Das Kapital : Karl Marx
50. Divine Comedy: DanteSSC SPECIAL SERIES PART-12
Miscellaneous Information on States in India
1) Largest state (in terms of area)—Rajasthan
2) Smallest state—Goa
3) Most populous state —Uttar Pradesh
4) Least populous state— Sikkim
5) Most populous union territory (not incl Delhi) —Puducherry
6) Least populous union territory—Lakshadweep
7) Most densely populated state—Bihar
8) Least densely populated state—Arunachal Pradesh
9) First state to be formed on linguistic basis —Andhra Pradesh
10) Most literate state—Kerala according to 2011 census
11) Least literate state—Bihar
12) The state with the longest coastline— Gujarat
13) The state having boundaries with seven states and two countries—Assam
14) The state surrounded on three sides by Bangladesh—Tripura
15) The states which have neither an international boundary nor a coastline—M.P., Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Haryana
16) The state surrounded by three countries and one state—Sikkim SSC SPECIAL SERIES PART-13
Courts in India
• High Courts with jurisdiction in more than 1 state/UT
1) Guwahati—Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram
2) Bombay—Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu
3) Calcutta—West Bengal, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
4) Kerala—Kerala, Lakshadweep
5) Madras—Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
6) Punjab and Haryana —Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh
• High Courts and Benches
1) Allahabad High Court—Lucknow
2) Bombay High Court—Nagpur, Panaji, Aurangabad
3) Calcutta High Court— Port Blair
4) Gauhati High Court —Kohima, Aizwal, Itanagar
5) Madhya Pradesh High Court—Gwalior, Indore
6) Madras High Court —Madurai
7) Rajasthan High Court—Jaipur
• High Courts not in State Capitals
4) Madhya Pradesh—Jabalpur
7) Uttarakhand —Nainital
8) Uttar Pradesh—Allahabad
• Union Territories – High Courts
1) Andaman and Nicobar islands—Calcutta High Court
2) Lakshadweep—Kerala High Court
3) Puducherry—Madras High Court
4) Dadra and Nagar Haveli—Bombay High Court
5) Daman and Diu—Bombay High Court
6) Chandigarh—Punjab and Haryana High Court
7) Delhi—Delhi High Court
• Points to remember
1) The Supreme Court of India came into existence on 28 Jan 1950 replacing Federal Court of India which had functioned from 1937 to 1950.
2) The number of Judges in the Supreme Court is Chief Justice and 30 other judges.
3) A judge of the Supreme Court of India can hold office upto the maximum age of sixty-five years.
4) The total number of High courts in India is 24*.
5) *Three High Courts were inaugurated in March 2013 – Meghalaya and Manipur High Courts (March 25) and Tripura High Court (March 26) in their respective state capitals.
6) The oldest High Court in India is the Calcutta High Court which was set up on 01 Jul 1862. It is one of the three Chartered High Courts to be set up in India, along with the High Courts of Bombay, Madras.
7) The upper age limit for appointment as a judge of High court is sixty-two years.SSC SPECIAL SERIES PART-14
Caves, Tombs and Temples of India
●●Caves and Rocks and Location
1) Ajanta Caves (WHS)–Aurangabad, Maharashtra
2) Amarnath Cave—Anantnag, Kashmir
3) Elephanta Caves (WHS)—Mumbai, Maharashtra
4) Ellora Caves (WHS)—Aurangabad, Maharashtra
5) Bhimbhetka Rock Shelters (WHS) —Raisen, M.P.
6) Borra Caves— Visakhapatnam, A.P.
●●Tombs and Location
1) Taj Mahal (WHS) — Agra
2) Akbar’s Tomb Sikandara, Agra
3) Itmaad-ud-Daulah’s Tomb— Agra
4) Humayun’s Tomb (WHS) —New Delhi
5) Bibi ka Maqbara —Aurangabad
6) Gol Gumbaz— Bijapur
7) Tomb of Sher Shah Suri— Sasaram
●●Temples and Location
1) Cheena Kesava Temple —Belur, Karnataka
2) Black Pagoda or Sun Temple— Konark (Orissa)
3) Brihadiswara Temple (WHS) —Thanjuvur, Tamilnadu
4) Brihadiswara Temple (WHS) — Gangaikondacholisvaram, TN
5) Airavatesvara Temple (WHS) — Darasuram, Tamilnadu
6) Hazara Rama Temple (WHS) — Hampi, Karnataka
7) Virupaksha Temple (WHS) — Pattadakal, Karnataka
8) Golden Temple— Amritsar, Punjab
9) Jagannath Temple— Puri, Orissa
10) Kailasa Temple — Ellora, Maharashtra
11) Mahabaleshwar Temple —Ujjain (M.P.)
12) Minakshi Temple— Madurai, Tamilnadu
13) Shore Temple —Mahabalipuram, Tamilnadu
14) Somnath Temple —Junagarh, Gujarat
15) Tirupati Temple— Chittor, Andhra Pradesh
16) Sabarimala— Pathanamthitta, Kerala
17) Dilwara Temple— Mt.Abu
18) Kamakhya Temple— Guwahati, Assam
19) Zeishta Devi Temple— Srinagar, J & K
●●Gate and Location
1) Gateway of India —Mumbai
2) India Gate —New Delhi
3) Buland Darwaza —Fatehpur Sikri
●●Towers/Minars and Location
2) Kirti Stambha (Tower of Fame) — Chittorgarh
3) Jai Stambha (Tower of Victory) — Chittorgarh
4) Tower of Silence— Mumbai
5) Qutab Minar Delhi
6) Shaking Minarets Sidi Bashir Mosque, AhmedabadSSC SPECIAL SERIES PART-15
Real Names of Important Personalities
• Chaitanya Mahaprabhu—Visvambhar
• Guru Angad Dev—Bhai Lehna
• Ramakrishna Paramhansa—Gadadhar Chattopadhyay
• Swami Vivekananda—Narendra Nath Datta
• Nana Phadanvis—Balaji Janardan Bhanu
• Tatiya Tope—Ramachandra Pandurang Tope
• Rani Lakshmibai—Manikarnika (Manu)
• Tansen— Ramtanu Pandey
• Birbal— Maheshdas
• Mother Teresa— Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu
• Sister Nivedita —Margaret Elizabeth Noble
• Mirabehn—Madeleine Slade
• Munshi Premchand—Dhanpat Rai
• Swami Agnivesh—Shyam Vepa Rao
• Satya Sai Baba—Satyanarayana Raju
• Baba Amte— Murlidhar Devidas Amte
• Mirza Ghalib— Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan
• Vinoba Bhave —Vinayak Narahari Bhave
• Amir Khusro —Ab’ul Hasan Yamīn ud-Dīn Khusrow
• Firaq Gorakhpuri— Raghupati Sahay
• Gulzar Sampooran— Singh Kalra
• Ravi Shankar— Robindro Shaunkor Chowdhury
• Mauland Abul Kalam Azad —Muhiyuddin Ahmed